- 1859 - Emigrant ship "Pomona" sinks in North Atlantic sea drowning all 400 aboard.
- 1908 - London: 4th modern Olympic games opens.
- 1940 - Himmler orders to establish Auschwitz Concentration Camp.
- 1956 - Rocky Marciano, retires undefeated from boxing.
- 1981 - Computer mouse introduced by Xerox PARC.
- 1989 - Hurricane in Bangladesh kills 500.
- 1994 - South Africa: It's first democratic general election in which black citizens could vote.
- 2006 - USA: Construction begins on the Freedom Tower (renamed One World Trade Center) in New York City.