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August 16: This Day That Year

August 16

- 1888 - John Pemberton, American pharmacist (inventor of Coca-Cola), dies of stomach cancer (born July 8, 1831, age 55).

- 1899 - Robert Bunsen, German chemist (inventor of the Bunsen Burner) dies (born March 30, 1811, age 88).

- 1904 - USA: NYC begins construction of Grand Central Station.

- 1906 - Chile: 8.6 earthquake destroys Valparaiso, killing about 3900 people.

- 1913 - Birthday: Menachem Begin, PM of Israel (1977-83, Nobel 1978), born in Brest, Belarus (died March 9, 1992, age 78).

- 1946 - India: Riots erupt in Calcutta between Muslims and Hindus over whether Pakistan should be a separate state, about 4,000 people died and leaving 100,000 homeless.

- 1948 - Babe Ruth, Baseball legend (NY Yankees), dies in NY (born February 6, 1895, age 53).

- 1949 - Margaret Mitchell, US writer (Gone With the Wind), dies (born November 8, 1900, age 48).

- 1954 - Birthday: James Cameron, Canadian film director and writer (Titanic, Avatar), born in Kapuskasing, Ontario, Canada.

- 1956 - Bela Lugosi, actor (Dracula), dies of heart attack (born October 20, 1882, age 73).

- 1977 - Elvis Presley, American musician, dies at Graceland due to cardiac arrhythmia (born January 8, 1935, age 42).

- 1979 - John Diefenbaker, 13th PM of Canada (Conservative: 1957-63), dies (born September 18, 1895, age 83).

- 2003 - Idi Amin, Ugandan dictator (1971-79) accountable for killing about 500,000 people, dies due to kidney failure.

- 2008 - Usain Bolt sets a new world record for 100m (9.69 seconds) at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics.

- 2012 - Julian Assange (founder of wikileaks) gets political asylum from Ecuador.

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