1355 England: The St. Scholastica's Day riot in Oxford, 62 scholars and perhaps 30 locals died in two days.
- 1763 - France ceded Canada to England through the Treaty of Paris.
- 1846 - India: British forces of East India Company defeated Sikhs Khalsa Army in battle of Sobraon.
- 1859 - India: General Horsford defeated Begum of Oude and Nana Sahib in Indian Mutiny.
- 1894 - Birthday: Harold Macmillan, British Prime Minister (1957-63), born in London.
- 1902 - Birthday: Walter Houser Brattain, American physicist & Nobel laureate for his work on transistors, born in Amoy, China.
- 1904 - Japan and Russia declare war.
- 1915 - US: President Woodrow Wilson warned Germany that the US will hold it 'to a strict accountability' for 'property endangered or lives lost' and also protested to Britain on the use of US flags on British merchant ships to deceive the Germans.
- 1923 - Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist, discovered X-rays (Nobel 1901), died of cancer (age 77).
- 1931 - India: New Delhi becomes its capital.
- 1940 - "Tom & Jerry" cartoon debut.
- 1952 - Birthday: Lee Hsien Loong, Prime Minister of Singapore (2004-present), born in Singapore.
- 1952 - India: First general elections: Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru remains in power.
- 2013 - India: 36 people were killed in a stampede at a train station in Allahabad.
- 2020 - Australia: More than 30 bushfires put out by heaviest rainfall in 30 years in New South Wales, helping end one of the worst bushfire seasons in history (46 million acres burnt, 1+ billion animals killed, 34 people dead).