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January 01: This Day That Year

Updated: Jan 4

January 01

- 1- Origin of Christian Era.

- 89 - Lucius Antonius Saturninus of Germany becomes emperor of Rome.

- 404 - Last gladiator competition held in Rome.

- 630 - Prophet Muhammad captures Mecca.

- 1438 - New King of Hungary - Albrecht II von Habsburg.

- 1502 - Rio de Janeiro discovered by Portuguese navigators.

- 1515 - Laibach (Austria) expels Jews.

- 1583 - 1st day of the Gregorian calendar in Holland (Netherlands).

- 1600 - Scotland updates its calendar to start year on January 1 instead of 25 March.

- 1638 - Birthday: Emperor Go-Sai of Japan.

- 1651 - New King of Scotland - Charles II Stuart.

- 1707 - New King Of Portugal - John V succeeds his father Pedro II.

- 1797 - Albany is now capital of New York (was New York City earlier).

- 1772 - Thomas Jefferson (30) marries Martha Wayles Skelton (23).

- 1804 - National Day of Haiti as it gains independence from France.

- 1808 - US Congress impelments an Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves.

- 1808 - Sierra Leone becomes a British colony.

- 1824 - James Knox Polk (28) weds Sarah Childress (20).

- 1847 - Michigan (USA) becomes the 1st state to abolish capital punishment.

- 1862 - US introduces income tax (3% on incomes more than $600, 5% on incomes more than $10,000).

- 1863 - Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation to free slaves in US confederate states.

- 1877 - Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India.

- 1881 - Dr John Watson's first appearance in story (Sherlock Holmes) written by Arthur Conan Doyle.

- 1891 - 3000 people were killed when French troops occupy Nioro (West-Sudan).

- 1892 - Ellis Island (NY) opened as a US immigration inspection station (12 million people immigrated through it).

- 1892 - Birthday: Manuel Roxas, 5th President of the Philippines (1946-48), born in Capiz, Philippines.

- 1893 - Japan adopts the Gregorian calendar.

- 1894 - Birthday: Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian physicist born in Calcutta, British India.

- 1895 - Birthday: J. Edgar Hoover, first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1924-72), born in Washington, D.C.

- 1896 - Discovery of x-rays announced by Wilhelm Röntgen (German physicist).

- 1901 - The Commonwealth of Australia is formed.

- 1902 - Pennsylvania (USA) - Nathan Stubblefield makes first public demonstration of radio

- 1903 - Delhi (India) - Coronation of King Edward VII as Emperor of India. About 16,000 prisoners were release on the occasion.

- 1908 - First ball (New Year Celebration) dropped at Times Square.

- 1912 - The Republic of China was formed by Sun Yat-sen.

- 1912 - Birthday: Kim Philby, British spy and Soviet mole (member of the "Cambridge Five"), born in Ambala, Punjab, India.

- 1913 - US Post office begins parcel post deliveries.

- 1919 - Edsel Ford (son of Henry Ford) becomes president of the Ford Motor Company.

- 1922 - Vancouver, BC (Canada) adopts driving on the right side.

- 1923 - Union of Socialist Soviet Republics (USSR) established.

- 1925 - Christiania changes name to Oslo (Capital of Norway).

- 1927 - Turkey adopts the Gregorian calendar.

- 1928 - Birthday: Khan Mohammad, Pakistani cricket fast bowler (Pakistan's first ball and wicket in Test cricket), born in Lahore, Punjab (Pakistan).

- 1939 - Hewlett-Packard (HP) is founded by Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard.

- 1941 - Netherlands introduces taxes on wages.

- 1948 - India declines to pay the agreed share of Rs.550 million in cash balances to Pakistan.

- 1948 - The Constitution of Italy comes into force.

- 1949 - Cricketer Don Bradman is knighted.

- 1955 - Bhutan issues its 1st postage stamps.

- 1956 - Yahiko Shrine, central Niigata (Japan) - A new year event causes panic and stampedes at killing at least 124 people.

- 1960 - Cameroon gains independence from France.

- 1962 - United States Navy SEALs established.

- 1966 - 12-day transit worker strike shuts down NYC subway.

- 1966 - All US cigarette packs to print "Caution Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health".

- 1968 - Color TV in Netherlands.

- 1975 - Haldeman, Ehrlichman, Mitchell & Mardian convicted of Watergate crimes

- 1975 - Sweden adopts its constitution.

- 1978 - Air India B747 explodes near Bombay (now Mumbai) killing 213.

- 1979 - US & China begin diplomatic relations.

- 1980 - Mob storms Russian embassy in Tehran (Iran).

- 1983 - TCP/IP protocols become the only approved protocol on the ARPANET.

- 1984 - Brunei gains independence from UK.

- 1985 - Domain Name System (DNS) is created.

- 1985 - First British mobile phone call made by Ernie Wise to Vodafone.

- 1987 - Puerto Rico - 60 bodies recovered in Dupont plaza hotel fire.

- 1990 - David Dinkins becomes 1st African American mayor of New York City.

- 1992 - Death: Grace Hopper (85), American computer scientist and US Navy admiral (coined the phrase 'debugging').

- 1993 - Czechoslovakia separates and becomes Czech Republic (Bohemia) & Slovakia.

- 1994 - North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect.

- 1994 - Bill Gates (38) marries Melinda French (29)

- 1999 - The Euro (currency) is introduced.

- 2007 - Bulgaria and Romania join the European Union.

- 2007 - Slovenia adopts the Euro currency and becomes the 13th EU country.

- 2007 - Adam Air Flight 574 (102 people on board) disappears over Indonesia.

- 2008 - Malta and Cyprus adopt the Euro currency and become the 14th and 15th EU countries.

- 2009 - Slovakia adopts the Euro currency and becomes the 16th EU country.

- 2009 - Bangkok (Thailand) - 61 die in nightclub fire.

- 2010 - Lakki Marwat (Pakistan) - A suicide car bomb detonates during a volleyball tournament, killing 105 people.

- 2013 - 13 FARC members killed by an airstrike by the Colombian military | 13 Boko Harem members are killed by Nigeria’s military in Maiduguri | 18 people killed when a bus and mini-bus collision in Thiès, Senegal | 10 people are killed and 120 are injured in a stampede in Luanda, Angola.

- 2014 - New Zealand batsman Corey Anderson scored a record 100 runs off 36 balls vs West Indies in Queenstown, score 131 not out of 47 balls.

- 2015 - Lithuania adopts the Euro currency and becomes the 19th EU country.

- 2018 - 30 people killed in 5 days of anti-government demonstrations. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani says recent unrest "is nothing".

- 2019 - Austria legalizes same-sex marriage.

- 2019 - Jair Bolsonaro begins his 4-year term as President of Brazil.

- 2020 - Baghdad (Iraq) - Pro-Iranian protesters end siege of US Embassy.

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