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January 17: This Day That Year

January 17

- 1595 - France: King Henry IV declares war on Spain.

- 1706 - Birthday: Benjamin Franklin, US Founding Father born in Boston, Massachusetts.

- 1718 - Switzerland: Avalanche destroyed Leukerbad, killed 53+ people..

- 1773 - British explorer captain James Cook becomes 1st to cross Antarctic Circle (66° 33' S).

- 1775 - Poland: 9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests in Kalisk.

- 1821 - Mexico permits Moses Austin (father of Stephen Austin) and 300 US families to settle in Texas.

- 1863 - Birthday: David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister (1916-22), born in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Lancashire, England.

- 1891 - George Bancroft, American historian and father of U.S. History, dies at 90.

- 1893 - Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th US President (Republican: 1877-81), dies of a heart attack at 70.

- 1913 - Raymond Poincaré becomes president of France.

- 1927 - Juliette Gordon Low, founder of the Girl Scouts of the USA, dies of breast cancer at 66

- 1929 - Popeye comic strip debut, named "Thimble Theater".

- 1933 - Australian cricketer (batsman) Don Bradman takes 2nd Test wicket of his career.

- 1945 - Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg arrested by Soviet secret police in Hungary. He was credited for saving thousands of Jews from the Nazis. - 1946 - United Nations Security Council holds its 1st meeting in New York. - 1962 - Birthday: Jim Carrey born in Ontario Canada.

- 1962 - NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 40,690m.

- 1964 - Birthday: Michelle Obama, 1st African-American US First Lady (2009-16), born in DeYoung, Illinois.

- 1979 - USSR performs underground nuclear test. - 1980 - Birthday: Zooey Deschanel, American actress born in Los Angeles, California.

- 1983 - Nigeria expels 2 million illegal aliens. - 1987 - US President Ronald Reagan signs secret order permitting covert sale of arms to Iran.

- 1942 - Birthday: Muhammad Ali (Cassius Clay) American boxer born in Louisville, Kentucky.

- 1943 - Birthday: René Préval, President of Haiti (1996-2001, 2006-2011), born in Port-au-Prince.

- 1994 - US: 6.6 Earthquake in Los Angeles (California) killed 60+ people, caused $30 billion in damages. - 1995 - Japan: 7.2 earthquake in Kobe kills 5,300+ people.

- 1997 - Birthday: Jake Paul, American YouTube personality, born in Cleveland, Ohio.

- 2008 - Bobby Fischer, American world chess champion (1972-75), dies of renal failure at 64. - 2013 - Syria: 106 people massacred by Syrian army forces in Homs. - 2013 - Iraq: 33 people are killed by a series of bomb explosions.

- 2013 - Indonesia: 4 people killed and over 2,000 were evacuated due to a massive flood in Jakarta.

- 2013 - Mexico: 8 people killed in a plane crash in Chiapas.

- 2013 - Japan stated its plans to build the world’s largest wind farm near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. - 2014 - Afghanistan: 21 people killed in a suicide bombing in a restaurant in Kabul. - 2017 - US President Barack Obama commutes WikiLeaks discloser Chelsea Manning's prison sentence from 35 to 7 years.

- 2017 - Nigerian military mistakenly bomb refugee camp killing 70+ in Rann, Borno state.

- 2017 - Search for missing aircraft MH370 (disappeared on 8 March 2014) over the Indian Ocean called off.

- 2019 - China executes Cai Dongjia (Known as godfather of crystal meth in China). - 2019 - India: Spiritual leader Ram Rahim Singh and two aides sentenced to life in prison for murdering journalist who exposed sexual abuse at the sect. - 2019 - Colombia: Car bomb in Bogota outside the National Police Academy killed 8+ & injured 40+ people.

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