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January 30: This Day That Year

Jan 30

- 1349 - Jews of Freilsburg Germany were massacred.

- 1648 - Spain & Netherlands sign Peace of Munster to end the 30 year war.

- 1649 - Charles I, King of Great Britain (1625-49), beheaded (age 48) for treason by Parliament.

- 1835 - Richard Lawrence misfires at US President Andrew Jackson in Washington, D.C.

- 1882 - Birthday: Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President (Democrat: 1933-1945), born in Hyde Park, New York.

- 1905 - Birthday: Emilio G. Segrè, Italian physicist and Nobel laureate (discovered the elements technetium, astatine and the sub-atomic antiparticle antiproton), born in Tivoli, Italy. - 1922 - World Law Day celebrated for the first time.

- 1925 - Birthday: Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist born in Portland, Oregon. - 1933 - President Paul von Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as Reich Chancellor of Germany. General Erich Ludendorff sends a letter to Paul von Hindenburg stating about Adolf Hitler "this accursed man will cast our Reich into the abyss and bring our nation to inconceivable misery".

- 1934 - Hitler proclamation on German unified states.

- 1939 - Adolf Hitler threatens Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag (Parliament).

- 1948 - Mahatma Gandhi (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi), Indian independence activist was assassinated (age 78) in New Delhi by Nathuram Godse.

- 1948 - Orville Wright, US aviation pioneer dies (age 76).

- 1949 - Birthday: Peter Agre, American biologist & Nobel laureate, born in Northfield, Minnesota.

- 1956 - US: Martin Luther King Jr.s home bombed.

- 1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada testing site.

- 1968 - Birthday: Felipe VI King of Spain born in Madrid, Spain

- 1972 - Pakistan withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations.

- 1974 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk.

- 1974 - Birthday: Christian Bale, British actor born in Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, Wales.

- 1975 - Ernő Rubik applies for a patent for his "Magic Cube" invention now known as Rubik's cube.

- 1991 - Birthday: John Bardeen, American physicist, electrical engineer and co-inventor of the transistor (Nobel 1956, 1972), dies of heart disease (age 82).

- 1995 - Algiers: Car bomb explosion killed 42 and injured 296 people.

- 2000 - Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean, killing 169.

- 2003 - Belgium legalizes same-sex marriage.

- 2014 - Iraq: 24 hostages were killed after 6 suicide bombers temporarily take over the Ministry of Transportation in Baghdad.

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