- 1693 - Birthday: Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, British PM (1757-62), born in London (died November 17, 1768, age 75).
- 1831 - Belgium gains independence from Netherlands.
- 1884 - 1st Test Cricket match played at Lord's Cricket stadium. England defeated Australia by an innings and 5 runs
- 1951 - Birthday: Robin Williams, American actor and comedian born in Chicago, Illinois (died August 11, 2014, age 63).
- 1969 - Neil Armstrong becomes the first person to step on the Moon at 2:56:15 AM (GMT).
- 1983 - Polish government announces end 19 months of martial law.
- 2007 - Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (the final book in the series by J. K. Rowling) was published worldwide. 11 million copies were sold in 24 hours.