December 31: This Day That Year

DEC 31

- 192 - Roman Emperor Commodus survived a poisoning attempt by his mistress but was later strangled in bath.

- 406 - 80,000 Vandals, Alans and Suebians crossed the Rhine at Mainz, beginning invasion of Gallia (present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, and parts of Northern Italy, the Netherlands, and Germany, particularly the west bank of the Rhine. It covered an area of 494,000 km²)

- 1492 - Italy: 100,000 Jews were expelled from Sicily.

- 1600 - The British East India Company was incorporated by royal charter. It went on to act as a part-trade organization, part-nation-state and reap vast profits from overseas trade with India, China, Persia and Indonesia for more than two centuries.

- 1744 - James Bradley (English astronomer) announced his discovery of Earth's nutation motion (wobble).

- 1911 - Marie Curie received her second Nobel Prize (Chemistry) for her work with radioactivity.

- 1935 - Birthday: Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (2015-), born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

- 1944 - USA: 48 people died in a train accident in Ogden, Utah.

- 1955 - The General Motors Corporation became the 1st U.S. corporation to make over $1 billion USD in a year.

- 1977 - Birthday: Psy (Park Jae-sang), South Korean pop star (Gangnam Style), born in Seoul, South Korea

- 1983 - Nigeria: President Shagari was overthrown in a military coup and Major General Muhammadu Buhari was installed as Head of State.

- 1995 - Cartoonist Bill Watterson stopped making his "Calvin & Hobbes" comic strip after 10 years.

- 1997 - Microsoft bought Hotmail email service for $400 million and re-launched it as MSN Hotmail.

- 1999 - Russia: Boris Yeltsin resigned as President, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin became acting President.

- 2017 - Kenya: Bus crash at Migaa near Molo killed at least 30.

- 2018 - Bangladesh: Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina won third term in elections.

- 2020 - COVID-19: WHO granted the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine emergency authorization.

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